CHAPTER 6

 

STEPHEN TEAL – 1837 – 1906 - LAST OWNER OF LINGBER FARM

 

Stephen Teal was born on the 9th March 1837 to Stephen and Ann Teal of Lingber Farm, White Cragg, Timble.  He was to become the last owner of that farm and when he finally sold the land in 1902 he was to bring to an end 163 years of continuous ‘Teal’ ownership.

 

He was brought up on the farm living with his mother and father until some time between 1851 and 1861 when he went to live and work as a farm hand for his sister Ann and her husband William Calvert in Appletreewick in the parish of Burnsall.  Shortly afterwards he started working a, possible rented, farm of his own of 60 acres in the nearby Skyreholme hamlet.

 

On the 17th March 1866 he married Miss Jane Godfrey of Headingley in Leeds.  His youngest brother David lived in this area at the time and it is most likely that he met Jane through him.  He took Jane back to Skyreholme and they had five children:

 

- Annie Maria born in 1867

- Mary Ann born about 1870

- John born about 1872

- Stephen born in 1873

- Hannah Elizabeth born in 1875, she died in 1880 and is buried in Burnsall Churchyard

 

It appears that the children may have been a bit of a handful, for an entry in the Appletreewick School logbook for the 10th March 1884 states:

 

Cautioned the following children for annoying Mr. G. Holden, farmer at dinnertime: - Mary Ann Teal, Margaret Whiteley, Harriet Newbould, Thomas Hebden, William Darnborough, Stephen Teale, John Teale, John Reynard, Thomas Lumb, Nathan Newbould & William Birch.

 

Sometime between 1884 and 1891 Stephen moved his whole family to Fenwick near Doncaster.  He moved into the largest property in the village, Fenwick Hall.  This move up the social ladder is probably the result of successful farming in Burnsall and substantial legacies from Mary Teal of Shipley in 1872 and his father Stephen in 1875.

 

 

Fenwick Hall, near Doncaster – Circa 1910

 
 

 

 

 

 


Following the death of his father Stephen in 1875, Lingber Farm at White Cragg was passed to Stephen.  He added to this land in January 1876 by purchasing an additional four acres, one rood and twenty-six perches for £ 400 from John Hardcastle.  The land was adjacent to his existing holdings at Timble and was known by the names “Shoulder of Mutton”, “High White Craggs” & “Lower White Craggs”.  This purchase pushed his land holding in the area to over seventeen acres.  Stephen let the land to a series of tenants, and judging by the following entry not always successfully:

 

Wednesday, February 10 1892.  In afternoon attended sale at White Crag at Stephen Teal’s place.  Distress sale, his tenant William Gibson. I bought bedding and bedstead for sixpence.

From ‘Timble Man - Diaries of a Daleman” Published in 1988 by Hendon.

Extracts from the diary of John Dickinson born Timble 1844, covers period 1878 - 1912.

 
 

 

 

 


Other tenants names known are Joseph Edward Simpson & his sub-tenant Mrs Marjerrison

 

The final chapter of Teal ownership of Lingber Farm started in the 1890s.  Leeds Corporation became concerned about the pollution of their reservoirs in the Washburn Valley by farmers whose land ran around the banks or was part of the drainage area.  Some farmers were allowing the land and the becks to become polluted with animal waste, etc and this in turn contaminated the water.  The Corporation acted and obtained an Act of Parliament, the Leeds Corporation Act of 1897, authorising the compulsory purchase of the land surrounding the reservoirs.

 

 

Title and Preamble from the ‘Leeds Corporation Act 1897’

 
 

 

 

 

 


All of the Teal land fell into this category and therefore it was only a matter of time before it would have to be sold.  The act allowed the Corporation five years in which to purchase the property and negotiations with Stephen began in 1901.

 

 

Letter from Stephen Teal to the Leeds Town Clerk dated 25th February 1901 stating that no offer has been received on property at White Cragg.  Note the intertwined ST in the top left hand corner is coloured gold.

Leeds Archives LC/TC Deed Parcel 1583

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Map from Leeds Corporation Act 1897, Book of Reference.  The Teal Farmhouse / buildings are shown under reference 1549

Leeds Archives DP2/1&2

 

The buildings remain substantially unchanged to this day

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Plan showing all land / building purchased by Leeds Corporation from Stephen Teal under the 1897 Leeds Corporation Act

Leeds Archives LC/TC Deed Parcel 1583

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 


The negotiations for the purchase were long and protracted.   The Corporation had concluded, from the plans which had to be submitted with the Act, that Stephen owned over 30 acres of land in Timble.  However, following a preliminary interview with him it was changed to fourteen acres and it was finally agreed at seventeen acres two roods and one and a half perches.  Stephen initially asked for       £ 2,500 stating that the “buildings were recently re-built”, the Corporation only valued it at £1,256.  He dropped the price to £2,000 then to £ 1,600 and finally both sides agreed on £ 1,500.  The purchase took place on 16th September 1902 with Stephen receiving an extra £ 38 16s 2p for out of pocket expenses.

 

 

Transcript of Stephen Teal’s Sale Indenture for Land at Timble to Leeds Corporation.

 

Public Record Office Reference DL 30 / 684 Pages 2,36,37 - 40 Duchy of Lancaster - Forest of Knaresborough Surrenders Book 70

(Page 2) Knaresbrough - to wit

The Court of our Sovereign Lord Edward the seventh by the Grace of God of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland King (of Record) held for His Forest and Liberty of Knaresbrough aforesaid within His Castle there on Wednesday the Eleventh day of February in the third year of His reign and in the year of our Lord One thousand nine hundred and three Before John Leonard Bolden Esquire Steward by Charles Albert Powell Gentleman Understeward or Clerk of the Courts there.

 

(In Left Margin) Stamp £ .10.0

 

(Page 36) This Indenture made the Sixteenth day of September one thousand (Page 37) nine hundred and two Between Stephen Teal of Fenwick Hall Askern near Doncaster in the West Riding of the County of York on the one part and The Lord Mayor Aldermen and Citizens of the City of Leeds (hereinafter called "the Corporation") of the other part Whereas the said Stephen Teal is seised of or otherwise well and sufficiently entitled to the copyhold lands and hereditaments firstly and secondly hereinafter described and intended to be hereby conveyed being parcel of and holder by copy of Court Roll of the Forest of Knaresborough in the said West Riding of the County of York for an estate of inheritance in customary fee simple according to the custom of the said Forest subject to the customary fines rents suits and services therefor due and of right accustomed in respect of the same but otherwise free from all

incumbrances and whereas under and by virtue of the Leeds Corporation act 1897 and the act or acts or parts of acts incorporated therewith the Corporation are authorised to purchase and take for the purpose of the said act and the execution of works thereby authorised or connected therewith (inter alia) the said copyhold lands and hereditaments firstly and secondly hereinafter described and intended to be hereby conveyed And whereas the said Stephen Teal has contracted and agreed with the Corporation for the sale to them of the said land and hereditaments and the inheritance thereof in customary fee simple in possession free from incumbrances except as aforesaid at or for the price or sum of One thousand five hundred pounds Now this Indenture Witnesseth that in pursuance of the said agreement and in consideration of the sum of One thousand five hundred pounds to the said Stephen Teal paid by the Corporation (the receipt of which said sum of One thousand five hundred pounds the said Stephen Teal hereby acknowledges not only is the purchase money for the said lands and hereditaments firstly and secondly hereinafter described and intended

to be hereby conveyed but also as full compensation for all loss injury or damage sustained or to be sustained by him the said Stephen Teal his heirs executors administrators or assigns by reason of the carrying into effect of the powers of the said Act) The said Stephen Teal as Beneficial Owner (Page 38) hereby grants and conveys to the Corporation and their successors Firstly All that one ancient building barn and two closes of land called Stoney Closes and Low Close and two Garths containing by estimation one acre in customary measure be the same more of less called Lingber with all hereditaments and appurtenances to the same belonging situate lying and being in Timble within the said Forest and formerly in the occupation of Jane Teal or her assigns And also that incroachment or parcel of land distinguished in the award of the Commissioners for the division and inclosure of the open parts of the said Forest or in the plan thereto annexed by the number 1478 containing one rood and six perches in statute measure and by the said Award described to be situate in Timble aforesaid near Swinsty And also all that the west side of all that parcel of land formerly part of the open parts of the said Forest and distinguished in the Award made on the inclosure thereof by the number 1473 containing in customary measure two acres three roods and twenty eight perches or thereabouts as the same was some time since fenced off from the east side thereof and containing one acre two roods and twenty eight perches or thereabouts in customary measure situate in Timble aforesaid and formerly in the occupation of George Teal and of Thomas Mawson or their assigns and also all that incroachment or parcel of land distinguished in the said award by the number 1480 situate lying and being in Timble aforesaid on Swinsty Moor containing two six perches or thereabouts in customary measure and formerly in the tenure or occupation of John Mawson or his tenants and which said parcel of incroachment and premises formerly consisted of a dwellinghouse called Cragg House one garth and five closes or parcels of land called Pasture Allotment High Allotment Middle Allotment Low Allotment and the Ginnel Which said lands and hereditaments herein firstly described are better known by the more modern description following that is to say :- All that messuage or dwellinghouse barn and outbuildings and the several closes of land known by the names of Stoney Close Low Close High Garth Low Garth Pasture allotment High allotment Middle allotment Low allotment Ginnel and Garth containing in the whole twelve acres statute measure or thereabouts and were formerly in the occupation of Stephen Teal (the father of said Stephen Teal party hereto) Secondly all those two (Page 39) incroachments or parcels of land situate and being in Timble Great in the said Forest formerly in the possession or occupation of Thomas Rhodes one of such parcels of land being formerly described as containing in customary measure one rood and thirty one perches and the other as containing in customary measure two roods and seven perches but since divided into three closes known by the names of Shoulder of Mutton High White Craggs and Lower White Craggs and stated to contain in statute measure four acres one rood twenty six perches or thereabouts and which said lands and hereditaments were formerly in the occupation of John Hardcastle afterwards of Joseph Hardcastle and lately of John Hardcastle the grandson of the said John Hardcastle All which said lands and hereditaments firstly and secondly herein-before described were formerly in the occupation of the said Stephen Teal party hereto and are now in the occupation of John Edward Simpson or his subtenants and have been found by recent measurement to contain an area of seventeen acres two roods and one and a half perches and are more particularly delineated on the plan drawn on these presents and thereon coloured pink and edged with a red line And which said lands and hereditaments firstly and secondly hereinbefore described form part of certain lands and hereditaments situate in the Township

of Timble Great in the Parish of Fewston in the West Riding of the County of York and are described in the said plan drawn on these presents and in the plan and Book of References referred to in the said Leeds Corporation act 1897 deposited with Clerk of the Peace for the West Riding of the County of York by the numbers 1492, 1493, 1496, 1497, 1498, 1501, 1502, 1504, 1505, 1506, 1510, 1513, 1521, 1548, and 1549 To hold the same together with the appurtenances To the Corporation their successors and assigns for ever under the powers conferred on them by and for the purposes of the said Leeds Corporation Act 1897 and the Act or Acts or parts of Acts incorporated therewith and according to the true intent and meaning of the said Act nevertheless until the said copyhold lands and hereditaments hereinbefore firstly and (Page 40) secondly described which are parcel of and holder by copy of Court Roll of the Forest of Knaresborough shall have been enfranchised by virtue of the power contained in the Lands Clauses Consolidation Act 1845 Subject to the same rents suits and services as have heretofore been payable and of right accustomed in respect of the same And it is hereby declared by and between the parties hereto that these presents are intended to operate and take effect as a conveyance of the said land and hereditaments made as near to the form in Schedule "A" to the said Land Clauses Consolidation Act 1845 as the circumstances of the case will admit and also in every other mode in which the same may operate and take effect independently of such last mentioned act. In witness whereof the said Stephen Teal has hereunto set his hand and seal and the Corporation have caused their Corporate Common Seal to be hereunto affixed the day and year first written -Stephen Teal (LS) (The Seal of the City of Leeds) Signed Sealed and delivered by the before named Stephen Teal in the presence of Hy Dacre, Solr Otley - The Corporate Common Seal of the City of Leeds was hereunto affixed in the presence of, John Gordon, Chairman of the Finance Committee - W. J. Reeves, Town Clerk.

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


Stephen died in Fenwick Hall on the 6th March 1906, his wife Jane moved to the nearby village of Sykehouse with her daughters and died on the 22nd May 1922.  Both are interred in Fenwick St. Johns Cemetery.

 

 

References:

 

Leeds Archives – LC/TC Deed Parcel Number 1583

Public Records Office: DL/30 Knaresborough Surrender Books

Wharfedale Family History Group – June 2002 Newsletter (Wharfedale School Records Article)

Burnsall Churchyard Memorial Inscriptions

Leeds Corporation Act 1897 – Leeds Central Library – Local Studies

Timble Man – Diaries of a Dalesman – Published in 1988 by Hendon

Census 1851 –1891